The passage contains the following question types from IELTS Reading Question Types:
- Identifying information
- Matching information
- Sentence completion
- True False Not Given
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-15, which are based on Reading Passage below.
A. Like many things about your body, scientists and medical professionals still have a lot to learn about the process of sleep. One earlier misconception that has now been revised is that the body completely slows down during sleep; it is now dear that the body’s major organs and regulatory systems continue to work actively – the lungs, heart and stomach for example. Another important part of the body also operates at night – the glands and lymph nodes, which strengthen the immune system. This is commonly why the body’s natural immunity is weakened with insufficient sleep.
B. In some cases, certain systems actually become more active while we sleep. Hormones required for muscle development and growth, for instance, as well as the growth of new nerve cells. In the brain, activity of the pathways needed for learning and memory is increased.
C. Another common myth about sleep is that the body requires less sleep the older we get. Whilst It is true that babies need 16 hours compared to 9 hours and 8 hours respectively for teenagers and adults, this does not mean that older people need less sleep. However, what is true if that for a number of different factors, they often get less sleep or find their sleep less refreshing. This is because as people age, they spend less time in the deep, restful stages of sleep and are more easily awakened. Older people are also more likely to have medical conditions that affect their sleep, such as insomnia, sleep apnoea and heart problems.
D. Getting a good sleep is not just a matter of your head hitting the pillow at night and waking up in the morning. Your sleep goes in cycles throughout the night, moving back and forth between deep restorative sleep and more alert stages with dreaming. As the night progresses, you spend more time in a lighter dream sleep.
E. Sleep patterns can be broken down into two separate and distinct stages – REM and NREM sleep, REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep is when you dream. You usually have 3 to 5 periods of REM sleep each night, lasting from 5 minutes to over an hour, during which time your body’s activities increase. Breathing becomes fast, shallow and uneven, with an increase in brain activity, heartbeat and blood pressure. Although your major muscles generally don’t move, fingers and toes may twitch and body temperature changes and you may sweat or shiver.
F. Research has concluded that this sleep is most important for your brain. It is when it is most active, processing emotions and memories and relieving stress. The areas used for learning and developing more skills are activated. In fact, the brain waves measured during REM sleep are similar to those measured when awake.
G. NREM (Noil-Rapid Eye Movement) sleep is dreamless sleep. NREM sleep consists of four stages of deeper and deeper sleep. As you move through the stages, you become more relaxed, less aware of what is happening around you and more difficult to wake. Your body’s activity will also decrease as you move through the NREM stages, acting in the opposite manner to REM sleep. Stage 1 of NREM sleep is when you are falling to sleep. This period generally lasts between 5 and 10 minutes, during which time you can be woken easily. During stage 2, you are in a light sleep- the in-between stage before your fall into a deep sleep. It lasts about 20 minutes. In stage 3, deep sleep begins, paving the way for stage 4, in which you are difficult to awake and unaware of anything around you. This is when sleep walking and talking can occur. This is the most important stage for your body. Your brain has slowed right down and is recovering. Blood flow is redirected from your brain to your large muscles allowing them to mend any damage from your day at work. People woken quickly from stage 4 sleep often feel a sense of disorientation, which is why it is helpful to use an alarm clock with an ascending ring.
H. About an hour and a half into your sleep cycle you will go from deep Stage 4 sleep back into light Stage 2 sleep, then into REM sleep, before the cycle begins again. About 75% of your sleep is NREM sleep. If you sleep for eight hours, about six of them will be NREM sleep. As the night progresses, you spend more time in dream sleep and lighter sleep.
I. When you constantly get less sleep (even 1 hour less) than you need each night, it is called sleep debt. You may pay for it in daytime drowsiness, trouble concentrating, moodiness, lower productivity and increased risk of falls and accidents. Although a daytime nap cannot replace a good night’s sleep, it can help make up for some of the harm done as a result of sleep debt. But avoid taking a nap after 3 pm as late naps may stop you getting to sleep at night. And avoid napping for longer than 30 minutes as longer naps will make it harder to wake up and get back into the swing of things.
Questions 1 – 4
Do the following statements agree with the information, given in the reading passage?
In boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the in formation
FALSE if the statement contradicts the in formation
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
1) It was previously believed that biological processes slowed during sleep.
2) Teenagers lose less sleep than adults when they have a medical condition.
3) During the night, our sleep becomes increasingly deep.
4) Lack of sleep can cause heart problems and other medical conditions.
Questions 5 – 8
5) REM sleep can help reduce _____________________.
6) During REM sleep, __________________ are similar to those recorded whilst awake.
7) During Stage 1 NREM sleep, you can be ______________with little effort.
8) Suddenly being woken from deep sleep can cause _____________________.
Questions 9 and 10
Choose TWO letters, A-E.
Write your answers in boxes 9 and 10.
Your answers may be given in either order.
A. is more common for younger people.
B. is when we dream.
C. may cause your extremities to move of their own accord.
D. lasts about an hour a night.
E. is when the brain is most relaxed.
Questions 11 – 15
The reading passage has nine paragraphs, A-I.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter A-I in boxes 11-15.
11) Differences in sleep patterns between generations
12) Brain activity is limited as resources are diverted
13) Repetition of the cycle
14) Dangers of accumulated lack of sleep
15) Increased activity during sleep
Answers for IELTS Reading Sample Question
One earlier misconception that has now been revised is that the body completely slows down during sleep.
2) Not Given
We know that older people sleep less with a medical condition, but no reference is made of teenagers with medical concerns.
‘As the night progresses, you spend more time in a lighter dream sleep.’
Medical conditions can affect sleep, not the other way round.
‘REM…sleep is most important for your brain. It is when it is most active, processing emotions and memories and relieving stress.’
6) Brain waves
‘…brain waves measured during REM sleep are similar to those measured when awake.’
7) (easily) woken
‘This period generally lasts between 5 and 10 minutes, during which time you can be woken easily.’
People woken quickly from stage 4 sleep often feel a sense of disorientation
9) B/CSee below
‘REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep is when you dream.’
‘fingers and toes may twitch’
The paragraph talks about babies, teenagers and older people.
‘Blood flow is redirected from your brain to your large muscles’
‘About an hour and a half into your sleep cycle you will go from deep Stage 4 sleep back into light Stage 2 sleep, then into REM sleep, before the cycle begins again.’
‘When you constantly get less sleep (even 1 hour less) than you need each night, it is called sleep debt. You may pay for it in daytime drowsiness, trouble concentrating, moodiness, lower productivity and increased risk of falls and accidents.’
‘…during which time your body’s activities increase.’
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